Water – a great way to help your body stay healthy
Your body continuously loses about 2.5 to 3 liters of water a day via your normal body functions. This water needs to replenish for the body to function. However, thirst only arises after the body has already started to dry out, and therefore it is essential to drink water continuously. Once you start feeling thirsty, your body is already dehydrated at a level of 0.8% to 2% of your total body weight.
Water and the brain
The human brain consists of more than 85% water. When you do not have the right fluid balance, your mind feels the effects. You get headaches, poor concentration, and short-term memory deterioration. Your ability to perform arithmetic is also adversely affected. There is also a deterioration in the speed of your psychomotor skills. This is because particular dehydration causes a decline in the brain’s energy production. Studies have shown that a person’s ability to concentrate gradually decreases when the body has a water deficiency of only 1 to 2%.
Water and your blood
Your blood is 95% water, and it transports vital nutrients to the cells of your body and removes dirt from them. If you are dehydrated, the body’s mechanisms cannot regulate blood pressure accurately, which can lead to increased blood pressure.
The skin, which is the body’s largest organ, consists of 70% water and we lose some of this every day via evaporation. The environment we live in, with climate-controlled heating and air conditioning, low humidity as well as soap and detergent, can damage the outermost skin layer and reduce its ability to retain moisture. When you do not drink enough to compensate for the loss of body moisture, the skin feels dry; These symptoms can be treated with moisturizer, but the best solution is to drink water to moisturize the skin from the inside.
The skeleton is made up of about 22% of water, and it is also this water that makes your joints move smoothly. The cartilaginous tissue of the skeletal extremities holds water to lubricate your joint movements. At a correct moisture level, the two opposite surfaces slide smoothly against each other. If the moisture level is too low, wear and tear increases, causing impaired joint function, which in turn can lead to pain and inflammation.
Your kidneys are made up of 80% water. Their function is to remove waste products from the body, which are dissolved in water. When the body does not have enough water, the waste products cannot be effectively removed, which can damage your kidneys. The National Kidney Research Foundation recommends that you drink 2 liters of water per day to reduce the risk of kidney stones.
Your body needs water to breathe. An average person loses between 0.5 to 1 liter of water per day just by breathing. The lungs are made of 80% water. Our lungs must be continuously moisturized to eliminate carbon dioxide and absorb oxygen properly. Dehydration can make breathing more difficult.
Water is the very thing that keeps us alive into our very core. Without it, we stop functioning correctly. A good guideline is to drink approximately eight glasses every day.
Do take note that this amount varies depending on how active you are.